注意:這些關于“新冠肺炎”的偏方都沒用
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2020-03-12 08:32 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
吃大蒜能防新冠肺炎?每15分鐘喝一次水?不能吃冰淇淋?社交網絡上關于疫情以及預防病毒感染的謠言滿天飛。其實這些偏方真的沒用。
1. Lots of posts that recommend eating garlic to prevent infection are being shared on Facebook.
 
The WHO (World Health Organization) says that while it is "a healthy food that may have some antimicrobial properties", there's no evidence that eating garlic can protect people from the new coronavirus.
 
In lots of cases, these kinds of remedies aren't harmful in themselves, as long as they aren't preventing you from following evidence-based medical advice. But they have the potential to be.
 
The South China Morning Post reported a story of a woman who had to receive hospital treatment for a severely1 inflamed2 throat after consuming 1.5kg of raw garlic.
We know, in general, that eating fruit and vegetables and drinking water can be good for staying healthy. However, there is no evidence specific foods will help fight this particular virus.
 
 
2.  YouTuber Jordan Sather, who has many thousands of followers3 across different platforms, has been claiming that a "miracle mineral supplement", called MMS, can "wipe out" coronavirus.
 
It contains chlorine dioxide - a bleaching4 agent.
 
Sather and others promoted the substance even before the coronavirus outbreak, and in January he tweeted that, "not only is chlorine dioxide (aka MMS) an effective cancer cell killer5, it can wipe out coronavirus too".
 
Last year, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned about the dangers to health of drinking MMS. Health authorities in other countries have also issued alerts about it.
 
The FDA says it "is not aware of any research showing that these products are safe or effective for treating any illness". It warns that drinking them can cause nausea6, vomiting7, diarrhoea and symptoms of severe dehyrdation.
 
 
3.  There have been many reports of shortages of hand sanitiser gel, as washing your hands is one key way to prevent spread of the virus.
 
But these recipes were for a disinfectant better suited for cleaning surfaces and, as scientists pointed8 out, not suitable for use on skin.
 
Alcohol-based hand gels usually also contain emollients9, which make them gentler on skin, on top of their 60-70% alcohol content.
 
Professor Sally Bloomfield, at the London School of Hygiene10 and Tropical Medicine, says she does not believe you could make an effective product for sanitising hands at home - even vodka only contains 40% alcohol.
 
For cleaning surfaces, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says most common household disinfectants should be effective.
 
4. The use of colloidal11 silver was promoted on US televangelist Jim Bakker's show. Colloidal silver is tiny particles of the metal suspended in liquid. A guest on the show claimed the solution kills some strains of coronavirus within 12 hours (while admitting it hadn't yet been tested on Covid-19).
 
The idea that it could be an effective treatment for coronavirus has been widely shared on Facebook, particularly by "medical freedom" groups which are deeply suspicious of mainstream12 medical advice.
 
Proponents13 of colloidal silver claim it can treat all kinds of health conditions, act as an antiseptic, and state it helps the immune system. But there's clear advice from the US health authorities that there's no evidence this type of silver is effective for any health condition. More importantly, it could cause serious side effects including kidney damage, seizures14 and argyria - a condition that makes your skin turn blue.
 
They say that, unlike iron or zinc15, silver is not a metal that has any function in the human body.
 
 
5. One post, copied and pasted by multiple Facebook accounts, quotes a "Japanese doctor" who recommends drinking water every 15 minutes to flush out any virus that might have entered the mouth. A version in Arabic has been shared more than 250,000 times.
 
Professor Bloomfield says there is absolutely no evidence this will help.
 
Airborne viruses enter the body via the respiratory tract16 when you breathe in. Some of them might go into your mouth, but even constantly drinking water isn't going to prevent you from catching17 the virus.
 
Nonetheless, drinking water and staying hydrated is generally good medical advice.
 
6. There are lots of variations of the advice suggesting heat kills the virus, from recommending drinking hot water to taking hot baths, or using hairdryers.
 
One post, copied and pasted by dozens of social media users in different countries - and falsely attributed to Unicef - claims that drinking hot water and exposure to the sun will kill the virus, and says ice cream is to be avoided.
 
Charlotte Gornitzka, who works for Unicef on coronavirus misinformation, says: "A recent erroneous online message...purporting18 to be a Unicef communication appears to indicate that avoiding ice cream and other cold foods can help prevent the onset19 of the disease. This is, of course, wholly untrue."
 
We know the flu virus doesn't survive well outside the body during the summer, but we don't yet know how heat impacts the new coronavirus.
 
Trying to heat your body or expose yourself to the sun - presumably to make it inhospitable to the virus - is completely ineffective, according to Prof Bloomfield. Once the virus is in your body, there's no way of killing20 it - your body just has to fight it off.
 
Outside the body, "to actively21 kill the virus you need temperatures of around 60 degrees", says Professor Bloomfield - far hotter than any bath or sauna.
 
Washing bed linen22 or towels at 60 degrees is a good idea, as this can kill any viruses in the fabric23. But it's not a good option for washing your skin.
 
And having a hot bath or drinking hot liquids won't change your actual body temperature, which remains24 stable unless you are already ill.


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 severely SiCzmk     
adv.嚴格地;嚴厲地;非常惡劣地
參考例句:
  • He was severely criticized and removed from his post.他受到了嚴厲的批評并且被撤了職。
  • He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了嚴厲的批評。
2 inflamed KqEz2a     
adj.發炎的,紅腫的v.(使)變紅,發怒,過熱( inflame的過去式和過去分詞 )
參考例句:
  • His comments have inflamed teachers all over the country. 他的評論激怒了全國教師。
  • Her joints are severely inflamed. 她的關節嚴重發炎。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
3 followers 5c342ee9ce1bf07932a1f66af2be7652     
追隨者( follower的名詞復數 ); 用戶; 契據的附面; 從動件
參考例句:
  • the followers of Mahatma Gandhi 圣雄甘地的擁護者
  • The reformer soon gathered a band of followers round him. 改革者很快就獲得一群追隨者支持他。
4 bleaching c8f59fe090b4d03ec300145821501bd3     
漂白法,漂白
參考例句:
  • Moderately weathered rock showed more intense bleaching and fissuring in the feldspars. 中等風化巖石則是指長石有更為強烈的變白現象和裂紋現象。
  • Bleaching effects are very strong and show on air photos. 退色效應非常強烈,并且反映在航空象片上。
5 killer rpLziK     
n.殺人者,殺人犯,殺手,屠殺者
參考例句:
  • Heart attacks have become Britain's No.1 killer disease.心臟病已成為英國的頭號致命疾病。
  • The bulk of the evidence points to him as her killer.大量證據證明是他殺死她的。
6 nausea C5Dzz     
n.作嘔,惡心;極端的憎惡(或厭惡)
參考例句:
  • Early pregnancy is often accompanied by nausea.懷孕期常有惡心的現象。
  • He experienced nausea after eating octopus.吃了章魚后他感到惡心。
7 vomiting 7ed7266d85c55ba00ffa41473cf6744f     
參考例句:
  • Symptoms include diarrhoea and vomiting. 癥狀有腹瀉和嘔吐。
  • Especially when I feel seasick, I can't stand watching someone else vomiting." 尤其暈船的時候,看不得人家嘔。”
8 pointed Il8zB4     
adj.尖的,直截了當的
參考例句:
  • He gave me a very sharp pointed pencil.他給我一支削得非常尖的鉛筆。
  • She wished to show Mrs.John Dashwood by this pointed invitation to her brother.她想通過對達茨伍德夫人提出直截了當的邀請向她的哥哥表示出來。
9 emollients 9f318a2ae3c3848fb97962bc67f7086b     
n.潤滑劑,潤膚劑( emollient的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • Do not use emollients or oils to lubricate the skin. 不要用潤膚劑或油類來潤滑皮膚。 來自辭典例句
  • Contains rich emollients found in jojoba oil and avocado oil. 含有荷荷巴油及牛油果油之豐富滋潤成分。 來自互聯網
10 hygiene Kchzr     
n.健康法,衛生學 (a.hygienic)
參考例句:
  • Their course of study includes elementary hygiene and medical theory.他們的課程包括基礎衛生學和醫療知識。
  • He's going to give us a lecture on public hygiene.他要給我們作關于公共衛生方面的報告。
11 colloidal 604feb9aad45eca2ea7010bb729a9f72     
adj. 膠狀的, 膠質的
參考例句:
  • Colloidal particles are bombarded by molecules of the dispersion medium. 膠粒會受到分散介質分子的碰撞。
  • Frictional behavior is modified by colloidal silica or starch deposition. 耐磨損性能可以通過在織物上沉淀膠狀硅或淀粉一類物質而得到改善。
12 mainstream AoCzh9     
n.(思想或行為的)主流;adj.主流的
參考例句:
  • Their views lie outside the mainstream of current medical opinion.他們的觀點不屬于當今醫學界觀點的主流。
  • Polls are still largely reflects the mainstream sentiment.民調還在很大程度上反映了社會主流情緒。
13 proponents 984ded1baa85fedd6467626f41d14aff     
n.(某事業、理論等的)支持者,擁護者( proponent的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • Reviewing courts were among the most active proponents of hybrid rulemaking procedures. 復審法院是最積極的混合型規則制定程序的建議者。 來自英漢非文學 - 行政法
  • Proponents of such opinions were arrested as 'traitors. ' 提倡這種主張的人馬上作為“賣國賊”逮捕起來。 來自辭典例句
14 seizures d68658a6ccfd246a0e750fdc12689d94     
n.起獲( seizure的名詞復數 );沒收;充公;起獲的贓物
參考例句:
  • Seizures of illicit drugs have increased by 30% this year. 今年違禁藥品的扣押增長了30%。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • Other causes of unconsciousness predisposing to aspiration lung abscess are convulsive seizures. 造成吸入性肺膿腫昏迷的其他原因,有驚厥發作。 來自辭典例句
15 zinc DfxwX     
n.鋅;vt.在...上鍍鋅
參考例句:
  • Brass is formed by the fusion of copper and zinc.黃銅是通過銅和鋅的熔合而成的。
  • Zinc is used to protect other metals from corrosion.鋅被用來保護其他金屬不受腐蝕。
16 tract iJxz4     
n.傳單,小冊子,大片(土地或森林)
參考例句:
  • He owns a large tract of forest.他擁有一大片森林。
  • He wrote a tract on this subject.他曾對此寫了一篇短文。
17 catching cwVztY     
adj.易傳染的,有魅力的,迷人的,接住
參考例句:
  • There are those who think eczema is catching.有人就是認為濕疹會傳染。
  • Enthusiasm is very catching.熱情非常富有感染力。
18 purporting 662e1eb2718c2773c723dc9acb669891     
v.聲稱是…,(裝得)像是…的樣子( purport的現在分詞 )
參考例句:
  • Cindy Adams (Columnist) : He's purporting to be Mother Teresa. 辛迪?亞當斯(專欄作家):他無意成為德蘭修女。 來自互聯網
  • To prohibit certain practices purporting to be sales by auction. 本條例旨在對看來是以拍賣方式作出的售賣中某些行為予以禁止。 來自互聯網
19 onset bICxF     
n.進攻,襲擊,開始,突然開始
參考例句:
  • The drug must be taken from the onset of the infection.這種藥必須在感染的最初期就開始服用。
  • Our troops withstood the onset of the enemy.我們的部隊抵擋住了敵人的進攻。
20 killing kpBziQ     
n.巨額利潤;突然賺大錢,發大財
參考例句:
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投資者準備清倉以便大賺一筆。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上個周我兄弟在華爾街賺了一大筆。
21 actively lzezni     
adv.積極地,勤奮地
參考例句:
  • During this period all the students were actively participating.在這節課中所有的學生都積極參加。
  • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel.我們正在積極調解爭執。
22 linen W3LyK     
n.亞麻布,亞麻線,亞麻制品;adj.亞麻布制的,亞麻的
參考例句:
  • The worker is starching the linen.這名工人正在給亞麻布上漿。
  • Fine linen and cotton fabrics were known as well as wool.精細的亞麻織品和棉織品像羊毛一樣聞名遐邇。
23 fabric 3hezG     
n.織物,織品,布;構造,結構,組織
參考例句:
  • The fabric will spot easily.這種織品很容易玷污。
  • I don't like the pattern on the fabric.我不喜歡那塊布料上的圖案。
24 remains 1kMzTy     
n.剩余物,殘留物;遺體,遺跡
參考例句:
  • He ate the remains of food hungrily.他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
  • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog.殘羹剩飯喂狗了。
TAG標簽: 新冠肺炎 偏方
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