研究表明:男性比女性聰明
文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2006-10-09 06:16 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
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It is research that is guaranteed to delight men - and infuriate the women in their lives. A controversial new study has claimed that men really are more intelligent than women.

The study concluded that men's IQs are almost four points higher than women's.

British-born researcher John Philippe Rushton, who previously1 created a furore by suggesting intelligence is influenced by race, says the finding could explain why so few women make it to the top in the workplace.

He claims the 'glass ceiling' phenomenon is probably due to inferior intelligence, rather than discrimination or lack of opportunity.

The University of Western Ontario psychologist reached his conclusion after scrutinizing2 the results of university aptitude3 tests taken by 100,000 students aged4 17 and 18 of both sexes.

A focus on a factors such as the ability to quickly grasp a complex concept, verbal reasoning skills and creativity - some of the key ingredients of intelligence - revealed the male teenagers had IQs that were an average of 3.63 points higher. The average person has an IQ of around 100.

The findings, which held true for all classes and levels of parental5 education, overturn a 100 year consensus6 that men and women average the same in general mental ability. They also conflict with evidence that girls do better in school exams than boys.

But Prof Rushton, who was born in Bournemouth and obtained his doctorate7 in social psychology8 from the London School of Economics, argues that the faster maturing of girls leads to them outshining boys in the classroom.


這項研究結果一定會讓男人高興,惹女人生氣。一項具有爭議的最新研究表明,男人確實比女人聰明。

研究發現,男人的智商比女人高四分。

英國籍研究員約翰·菲利普·魯什頓此前提出的"智商受到種族影響"的觀點一時引發眾怒,他說,這項最新研究結果可以解釋為什么很少有女性能成為職場精英。

他說,造成這種"玻璃天花板"現象的原因可能是由于女性的智商不及男性,并不是性別歧視或缺少機會。

這位西安大略大學的心理學家對10萬名17至18歲的男女學生進行了大學智力測試,他在分析測試結果后得出了這個結論。

此項測試著重對學生快速理解復雜概念、語言推理能力和創造力等幾項智力指標進行了考察。結果發現,男學生的智商平均高出3.63分。普通人的智商水平在100分左右。

這項研究結果適用于各類人群和各個年齡階段,同時推翻了長期以來認為"男女智力相當"的普遍觀點。此外,這項研究結果和女孩的考試成績總比男孩好的事實相矛盾。

魯什頓教授他說,女孩比男孩學習好是因為女孩比男孩成熟得早。魯什頓教授出生在伯恩茅斯鎮,在倫敦經濟學院獲得了社會心理學博士學位。

 

 


 

 
 

 

Vocabulary:


glass ceiling :玻璃天花板;是指在公司企業和機關團體中,限制某些人口群體(女性、少數民族)晉升到高級職位的障礙。正如玻璃一樣,這個障礙雖然不是明文規定的,但卻是實實在在存在著的


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 previously bkzzzC     
adv.以前,先前(地)
參考例句:
  • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point.自行車胎在以前損壞過的地方又爆開了。
  • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously.讓我岔開一會兒,解釋原先發生了什么。
2 scrutinizing fa5efd6c6f21a204fe4a260c9977c6ad     
v.仔細檢查,詳審( scrutinize的現在分詞 )
參考例句:
  • His grandfather's stern eyes were scrutinizing him, and Chueh-hui felt his face reddening. 祖父的嚴厲的眼光射在他的臉上。 來自漢英文學 - 家(1-26) - 家(1-26)
  • The machine hushed, extraction and injection nozzles poised, scrutinizing its targets. 機器“噓”地一聲靜了下來,輸入輸出管道各就各位,檢查著它的目標。 來自互聯網
3 aptitude 0vPzn     
n.(學習方面的)才能,資質,天資
參考例句:
  • That student has an aptitude for mathematics.那個學生有數學方面的天賦。
  • As a child,he showed an aptitude for the piano.在孩提時代,他顯露出對于鋼琴的天賦。
4 aged 6zWzdI     
adj.年老的,陳年的
參考例句:
  • He had put on weight and aged a little.他胖了,也老點了。
  • He is aged,but his memory is still good.他已年老,然而記憶力還好。
5 parental FL2xv     
adj.父母的;父的;母的
參考例句:
  • He encourages parental involvement in the running of school.他鼓勵學生家長參與學校的管理。
  • Children always revolt against parental disciplines.孩子們總是反抗父母的管束。
6 consensus epMzA     
n.(意見等的)一致,一致同意,共識
參考例句:
  • Can we reach a consensus on this issue?我們能在這個問題上取得一致意見嗎?
  • What is the consensus of opinion at the afternoon meeting?下午會議上一致的意見是什么?
7 doctorate fkEzt     
n.(大學授予的)博士學位
參考例句:
  • He hasn't enough credits to get his doctorate.他的學分不夠取得博士學位。
  • Where did she do her doctorate?她在哪里攻讀博士?
8 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理學,心理狀態
參考例句:
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受過兒童心理學的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在劍橋大學學習哲學和心理學。
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