諾桑覺寺 NORTHANGER ABBEY CHAPTER 1
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2020-03-16 07:24 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

No one who had ever seen Catherine Morland in her infancy1 would have supposed her born to be an heroine. Her situation in life, the character of her father and mother, her own person and disposition2, were all equally against her. Her father was a clergyman, without being neglected, or poor, and a very respectable man, though his name was Richard—and he had never been handsome. He had a considerable independence besides two good livings—and he was not in the least addicted3 to locking up his daughters. Her mother was a woman of useful plain sense, with a good temper, and, what is more remarkable4, with a good constitution. She had three sons before Catherine was born; and instead of dying in bringing the latter into the world, as anybody might expect, she still lived on—lived to have six children more—to see them growing up around her, and to enjoy excellent health herself. A family of ten children will be always called a fine family, where there are heads and arms and legs enough for the number; but the Morlands had little other right to the word, for they were in general very plain, and Catherine, for many years of her life, as plain as any. She had a thin awkward figure, a sallow skin without colour, dark lank6 hair, and strong features—so much for her person; and not less unpropitious for heroism7 seemed her mind. She was fond of all boy's plays, and greatly preferred cricket not merely to dolls, but to the more heroic enjoyments8 of infancy, nursing a dormouse, feeding a canary-bird, or watering a rose-bush. Indeed she had no taste for a garden; and if she gathered flowers at all, it was chiefly for the pleasure of mischief—at least so it was conjectured9 from her always preferring those which she was forbidden to take. Such were her propensities—her abilities were quite as extraordinary. She never could learn or understand anything before she was taught; and sometimes not even then, for she was often inattentive, and occasionally stupid. Her mother was three months in teaching her only to repeat the “Beggar's Petition”; and after all, her next sister, Sally, could say it better than she did. Not that Catherine was always stupid—by no means; she learnt the fable10 of “The Hare and Many Friends” as quickly as any girl in England. Her mother wished her to learn music; and Catherine was sure she should like it, for she was very fond of tinkling11 the keys of the old forlorn spinnet; so, at eight years old she began. She learnt a year, and could not bear it; and Mrs. Morland, who did not insist on her daughters being accomplished12 in spite of incapacity or distaste, allowed her to leave off. The day which dismissed the music-master was one of the happiest of Catherine's life. Her taste for drawing was not superior; though whenever she could obtain the outside of a letter from her mother or seize upon any other odd piece of paper, she did what she could in that way, by drawing houses and trees, hens and chickens, all very much like one another. Writing and accounts she was taught by her father; French by her mother: her proficiency14 in either was not remarkable, and she shirked her lessons in both whenever she could. What a strange, unaccountable character!—for with all these symptoms of profligacy15 at ten years old, she had neither a bad heart nor a bad temper, was seldom stubborn, scarcely ever quarrelsome, and very kind to the little ones, with few interruptions of tyranny; she was moreover noisy and wild, hated confinement16 and cleanliness, and loved nothing so well in the world as rolling down the green slope at the back of the house.

Such was Catherine Morland at ten. At fifteen, appearances were mending; she began to curl her hair and long for balls; her complexion17 improved, her features were softened18 by plumpness and colour, her eyes gained more animation19, and her figure more consequence. Her love of dirt gave way to an inclination20 for finery, and she grew clean as she grew smart; she had now the pleasure of sometimes hearing her father and mother remark on her personal improvement. “Catherine grows quite a good-looking girl—she is almost pretty today,” were words which caught her ears now and then; and how welcome were the sounds! To look almost pretty is an acquisition of higher delight to a girl who has been looking plain the first fifteen years of her life than a beauty from her cradle can ever receive.

Mrs. Morland was a very good woman, and wished to see her children everything they ought to be; but her time was so much occupied in lying-in and teaching the little ones, that her elder daughters were inevitably21 left to shift for themselves; and it was not very wonderful that Catherine, who had by nature nothing heroic about her, should prefer cricket, baseball, riding on horseback, and running about the country at the age of fourteen, to books—or at least books of information—for, provided that nothing like useful knowledge could be gained from them, provided they were all story and no reflection, she had never any objection to books at all. But from fifteen to seventeen she was in training for a heroine; she read all such works as heroines must read to supply their memories with those quotations22 which are so serviceable and so soothing23 in the vicissitudes24 of their eventful lives.

From Pope, she learnt to censure25 those who

“bear about the mockery of woe26.”

From Gray, that

“Many a flower is born to blush unseen,
“And waste its fragrance27 on the desert air.”

From Thompson, that—

“It is a delightful28 task
“To teach the young idea how to shoot.”

And from Shakespeare she gained a great store of information—amongst the rest, that—

“Trifles light as air,
“Are, to the jealous, confirmation29 strong,
“As proofs of Holy Writ13.”

That

“The poor beetle30, which we tread upon,
“In corporal sufferance feels a pang31 as great
“As when a giant dies.”

And that a young woman in love always looks—

“like Patience on a monument
“Smiling at Grief.”

So far her improvement was sufficient—and in many other points she came on exceedingly well; for though she could not write sonnets32, she brought herself to read them; and though there seemed no chance of her throwing a whole party into raptures33 by a prelude34 on the pianoforte, of her own composition, she could listen to other people's performance with very little fatigue35. Her greatest deficiency was in the pencil—she had no notion of drawing—not enough even to attempt a sketch36 of her lover's profile, that she might be detected in the design. There she fell miserably37 short of the true heroic height. At present she did not know her own poverty, for she had no lover to portray38. She had reached the age of seventeen, without having seen one amiable39 youth who could call forth40 her sensibility, without having inspired one real passion, and without having excited even any admiration41 but what was very moderate and very transient. This was strange indeed! But strange things may be generally accounted for if their cause be fairly searched out. There was not one lord in the neighbourhood; no—not even a baronet. There was not one family among their acquaintance who had reared and supported a boy accidentally found at their door—not one young man whose origin was unknown. Her father had no ward5, and the squire42 of the parish no children.

But when a young lady is to be a heroine, the perverseness43 of forty surrounding families cannot prevent her. Something must and will happen to throw a hero in her way.

Mr. Allen, who owned the chief of the property about Fullerton, the village in Wiltshire where the Morlands lived, was ordered to Bath for the benefit of a gouty constitution—and his lady, a good-humoured woman, fond of Miss Morland, and probably aware that if adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad, invited her to go with them. Mr. and Mrs. Morland were all compliance44, and Catherine all happiness.

 


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 infancy F4Ey0     
n.嬰兒期;幼年期;初期
參考例句:
  • He came to England in his infancy.他幼年時期來到英國。
  • Their research is only in its infancy.他們的研究處于初級階段。
2 disposition GljzO     
n.性情,性格;意向,傾向;排列,部署
參考例句:
  • He has made a good disposition of his property.他已對財產作了妥善處理。
  • He has a cheerful disposition.他性情開朗。
3 addicted dzizmY     
adj.沉溺于....的,對...上癮的
參考例句:
  • He was addicted to heroin at the age of 17.他17歲的時候對海洛因上了癮。
  • She's become addicted to love stories.她迷上了愛情小說。
4 remarkable 8Vbx6     
adj.顯著的,異常的,非凡的,值得注意的
參考例句:
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在寫作技巧方面有了長足進步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.這些汽車因發動機沒有噪音而不同凡響。
5 ward LhbwY     
n.守衛,監護,病房,行政區,由監護人或法院保護的人(尤指兒童);vt.守護,躲開
參考例句:
  • The hospital has a medical ward and a surgical ward.這家醫院有內科病房和外科病房。
  • During the evening picnic,I'll carry a torch to ward off the bugs.傍晚野餐時,我要點根火把,抵擋蚊蟲。
6 lank f9hzd     
adj.瘦削的;稀疏的
參考例句:
  • He rose to lank height and grasped Billy McMahan's hand.他瘦削的身軀站了起來,緊緊地握住比利·麥默恩的手。
  • The old man has lank hair.那位老人頭發稀疏
7 heroism 5dyx0     
n.大無畏精神,英勇
參考例句:
  • He received a medal for his heroism.他由于英勇而獲得一枚獎章。
  • Stories of his heroism resounded through the country.他的英雄故事傳遍全國。
8 enjoyments 8e942476c02b001997fdec4a72dbed6f     
愉快( enjoyment的名詞復數 ); 令人愉快的事物; 享有; 享受
參考例句:
  • He is fond of worldly enjoyments. 他喜愛世俗的享樂。
  • The humanities and amenities of life had no attraction for him--its peaceful enjoyments no charm. 對他來說,生活中的人情和樂趣并沒有吸引力——生活中的恬靜的享受也沒有魅力。
9 conjectured c62e90c2992df1143af0d33094f0d580     
推測,猜測,猜想( conjecture的過去式和過去分詞 )
參考例句:
  • The old peasant conjectured that it would be an unusually cold winter. 那老漢推測冬天將會異常地寒冷。
  • The general conjectured that the enemy only had about five days' supply of food left. 將軍推測敵人只剩下五天的糧食給養。
10 fable CzRyn     
n.寓言;童話;神話
參考例句:
  • The fable is given on the next page. 這篇寓言登在下一頁上。
  • He had some motive in telling this fable. 他講這寓言故事是有用意的。
11 tinkling Rg3zG6     
n.丁當作響聲
參考例句:
  • I could hear bells tinkling in the distance. 我能聽到遠處叮當鈴響。
  • To talk to him was like listening to the tinkling of a worn-out musical-box. 跟他說話,猶如聽一架老掉牙的八音盒子丁冬響。 來自英漢文學
12 accomplished UzwztZ     
adj.有才藝的;有造詣的;達到了的
參考例句:
  • Thanks to your help,we accomplished the task ahead of schedule.虧得你們幫忙,我們才提前完成了任務。
  • Removal of excess heat is accomplished by means of a radiator.通過散熱器完成多余熱量的排出。
13 writ iojyr     
n.命令狀,書面命令
參考例句:
  • This is a copy of a writ I received this morning.這是今早我收到的書面命令副本。
  • You shouldn't treat the newspapers as if they were Holy Writ. 你不應該把報上說的話奉若神明。
14 proficiency m1LzU     
n.精通,熟練,精練
參考例句:
  • He plied his trade and gained proficiency in it.他勤習手藝,技術漸漸達到了十分嫻熟的地步。
  • How do you think of your proficiency in written and spoken English?你認為你的書面英語和口語熟練程度如何?
15 profligacy d368c1db67127748cbef7c5970753fbe     
n.放蕩,不檢點,肆意揮霍
參考例句:
  • Subsequently, this statement was quoted widely in the colony as an evidence of profligacy. 結果這句話成為肆意揮霍的一個例證在那塊領地里傳開了。 來自辭典例句
  • Recession, they reason, must be a penance for past profligacy. 經濟衰退,他們推斷,肯定是對過去大肆揮霍的贖罪。 來自互聯網
16 confinement qpOze     
n.幽禁,拘留,監禁;分娩;限制,局限
參考例句:
  • He spent eleven years in solitary confinement.他度過了11年的單獨監禁。
  • The date for my wife's confinement was approaching closer and closer.妻子分娩的日子越來越近了。
17 complexion IOsz4     
n.膚色;情況,局面;氣質,性格
參考例句:
  • Red does not suit with her complexion.紅色與她的膚色不協調。
  • Her resignation puts a different complexion on things.她一辭職局面就全變了。
18 softened 19151c4e3297eb1618bed6a05d92b4fe     
(使)變軟( soften的過去式和過去分詞 ); 緩解打擊; 緩和; 安慰
參考例句:
  • His smile softened slightly. 他的微笑稍柔和了些。
  • The ice cream softened and began to melt. 冰淇淋開始變軟并開始融化。
19 animation UMdyv     
n.活潑,興奮,卡通片/動畫片的制作
參考例句:
  • They are full of animation as they talked about their childhood.當他們談及童年的往事時都非常興奮。
  • The animation of China made a great progress.中國的卡通片制作取得很大發展。
20 inclination Gkwyj     
n.傾斜;點頭;彎腰;斜坡;傾度;傾向;愛好
參考例句:
  • She greeted us with a slight inclination of the head.她微微點頭向我們致意。
  • I did not feel the slightest inclination to hurry.我沒有絲毫著急的意思。
21 inevitably x7axc     
adv.不可避免地;必然發生地
參考例句:
  • In the way you go on,you are inevitably coming apart.照你們這樣下去,毫無疑問是會散伙的。
  • Technological changes will inevitably lead to unemployment.技術變革必然會導致失業。
22 quotations c7bd2cdafc6bfb4ee820fb524009ec5b     
n.引用( quotation的名詞復數 );[商業]行情(報告);(貨物或股票的)市價;時價
參考例句:
  • The insurance company requires three quotations for repairs to the car. 保險公司要修理這輛汽車的三家修理廠的報價單。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • These quotations cannot readily be traced to their sources. 這些引語很難查出出自何處。 來自《現代漢英綜合大詞典》
23 soothing soothing     
adj.慰藉的;使人寬心的;鎮靜的
參考例句:
  • Put on some nice soothing music.播放一些柔和舒緩的音樂。
  • His casual, relaxed manner was very soothing.他隨意而放松的舉動讓人很快便平靜下來。
24 vicissitudes KeFzyd     
n.變遷,世事變化;變遷興衰( vicissitude的名詞復數 );盛衰興廢
參考例句:
  • He experienced several great social vicissitudes in his life. 他一生中經歷了幾次大的社會變遷。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • A man used to vicissitudes is not easily dejected. 飽經滄桑,不易沮喪。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
25 censure FUWym     
v./n.責備;非難;責難
參考例句:
  • You must not censure him until you know the whole story.在弄清全部事實真相前不要譴責他。
  • His dishonest behaviour came under severe censure.他的不誠實行為受到了嚴厲指責。
26 woe OfGyu     
n.悲哀,苦痛,不幸,困難;int.用來表達悲傷或驚慌
參考例句:
  • Our two peoples are brothers sharing weal and woe.我們兩國人民是患難與共的兄弟。
  • A man is well or woe as he thinks himself so.自認禍是禍,自認福是福。
27 fragrance 66ryn     
n.芬芳,香味,香氣
參考例句:
  • The apple blossoms filled the air with their fragrance.蘋果花使空氣充滿香味。
  • The fragrance of lavender filled the room.房間里充滿了薰衣草的香味。
28 delightful 6xzxT     
adj.令人高興的,使人快樂的
參考例句:
  • We had a delightful time by the seashore last Sunday.上星期天我們在海濱玩得真痛快。
  • Peter played a delightful melody on his flute.彼得用笛子吹奏了一支歡快的曲子。
29 confirmation ZYMya     
n.證實,確認,批準
參考例句:
  • We are waiting for confirmation of the news.我們正在等待證實那個消息。
  • We need confirmation in writing before we can send your order out.給你們發送訂購的貨物之前,我們需要書面確認。
30 beetle QudzV     
n.甲蟲,近視眼的人
參考例句:
  • A firefly is a type of beetle.螢火蟲是一種甲蟲。
  • He saw a shiny green beetle on a leaf.我看見樹葉上有一只閃閃發光的綠色甲蟲。
31 pang OKixL     
n.劇痛,悲痛,苦悶
參考例句:
  • She experienced a sharp pang of disappointment.她經歷了失望的巨大痛苦。
  • She was beginning to know the pang of disappointed love.她開始嘗到了失戀的痛苦。
32 sonnets a9ed1ef262e5145f7cf43578fe144e00     
n.十四行詩( sonnet的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • Keats' reputation as a great poet rests largely upon the odes and the later sonnets. 作為一個偉大的詩人,濟慈的聲譽大部分建立在他寫的長詩和后期的十四行詩上。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • He referred to the manuscript circulation of the sonnets. 他談到了十四行詩手稿的流行情況。 來自辭典例句
33 raptures 9c456fd812d0e9fdc436e568ad8e29c6     
極度歡喜( rapture的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • Her heart melted away in secret raptures. 她暗自高興得心花怒放。
  • The mere thought of his bride moves Pinkerton to raptures. 一想起新娘,平克頓不禁心花怒放。
34 prelude 61Fz6     
n.序言,前兆,序曲
參考例句:
  • The prelude to the musical composition is very long.這首樂曲的序曲很長。
  • The German invasion of Poland was a prelude to World War II.德國入侵波蘭是第二次世界大戰的序幕。
35 fatigue PhVzV     
n.疲勞,勞累
參考例句:
  • The old lady can't bear the fatigue of a long journey.這位老婦人不能忍受長途旅行的疲勞。
  • I have got over my weakness and fatigue.我已從虛弱和疲勞中恢復過來了。
36 sketch UEyyG     
n.草圖;梗概;素描;v.素描;概述
參考例句:
  • My sister often goes into the country to sketch. 我姐姐常到鄉間去寫生。
  • I will send you a slight sketch of the house.我將給你寄去房屋的草圖。
37 miserably zDtxL     
adv.痛苦地;悲慘地;糟糕地;極度地
參考例句:
  • The little girl was wailing miserably. 那小女孩難過得號啕大哭。
  • It was drizzling, and miserably cold and damp. 外面下著毛毛細雨,天氣又冷又濕,令人難受。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
38 portray mPLxy     
v.描寫,描述;畫(人物、景象等)
參考例句:
  • It is difficult to portray feelings in words.感情很難用言語來描寫。
  • Can you portray the best and worst aspects of this job?您能描述一下這份工作最好與最壞的方面嗎?
39 amiable hxAzZ     
adj.和藹可親的,友善的,親切的
參考例句:
  • She was a very kind and amiable old woman.她是個善良和氣的老太太。
  • We have a very amiable companionship.我們之間存在一種友好的關系。
40 forth Hzdz2     
adv.向前;向外,往外
參考例句:
  • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth.風吹得樹輕輕地來回搖晃。
  • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession.他很快連續發表了一系列的作品。
41 admiration afpyA     
n.欽佩,贊美,羨慕
參考例句:
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他對風景之美贊不絕口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我們對金牌獲得者極為敬佩。
42 squire 0htzjV     
n.護衛, 侍從, 鄉紳
參考例句:
  • I told him the squire was the most liberal of men.我告訴他鄉紳是世界上最寬宏大量的人。
  • The squire was hard at work at Bristol.鄉紳在布里斯托爾熱衷于他的工作。
43 perverseness 1e73ecc61d03e6d43ccc490ffb696d33     
n. 乖張, 倔強, 頑固
參考例句:
  • A gentle tongue is a tree of life, but perverseness spirit. 溫良的舌是生命樹,乖謬的嘴使人心碎。
  • A wholesome tongue is a tree of life: but perverseness therein is spirit. 說安慰話的舌頭是生命樹;奸惡的舌頭使人心碎。
44 compliance ZXyzX     
n.順從;服從;附和;屈從
參考例句:
  • I was surprised by his compliance with these terms.我對他竟然依從了這些條件而感到吃驚。
  • She gave up the idea in compliance with his desire.她順從他的愿望而放棄自己的主意。
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