文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2020-03-16 07:13 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
In addition to what has been already said of Catherine Morland's personal and mental endowments, when about to be launched into all the difficulties and dangers of a six weeks' residence in Bath, it may be stated, for the reader's more certain information, lest the following pages should otherwise fail of giving any idea of what her character is meant to be, that her heart was affectionate; her disposition1 cheerful and open, without conceit2 or affectation of any kind—her manners just removed from the awkwardness and shyness of a girl; her person pleasing, and, when in good looks, pretty—and her mind about as ignorant and uninformed as the female mind at seventeen usually is.
When the hour of departure drew near, the maternal3 anxiety of Mrs. Morland will be naturally supposed to be most severe. A thousand alarming presentiments4 of evil to her beloved Catherine from this terrific separation must oppress her heart with sadness, and drown her in tears for the last day or two of their being together; and advice of the most important and applicable nature must of course flow from her wise lips in their parting conference in her closet. Cautions against the violence of such noblemen and baronets as delight in forcing young ladies away to some remote farm-house, must, at such a moment, relieve the fulness of her heart. Who would not think so? But Mrs. Morland knew so little of lords and baronets, that she entertained no notion of their general mischievousness5, and was wholly unsuspicious of danger to her daughter from their machinations. Her cautions were confined to the following points. “I beg, Catherine, you will always wrap yourself up very warm about the throat, when you come from the rooms at night; and I wish you would try to keep some account of the money you spend; I will give you this little book on purpose.”
Sally, or rather Sarah (for what young lady of common gentility will reach the age of sixteen without altering her name as far as she can?), must from situation be at this time the intimate friend and confidante of her sister. It is remarkable6, however, that she neither insisted on Catherine's writing by every post, nor exacted her promise of transmitting the character of every new acquaintance, nor a detail of every interesting conversation that Bath might produce. Everything indeed relative to this important journey was done, on the part of the Morlands, with a degree of moderation and composure, which seemed rather consistent with the common feelings of common life, than with the refined susceptibilities, the tender emotions which the first separation of a heroine from her family ought always to excite. Her father, instead of giving her an unlimited7 order on his banker, or even putting an hundred pounds bank-bill into her hands, gave her only ten guineas, and promised her more when she wanted it.
Under these unpromising auspices8, the parting took place, and the journey began. It was performed with suitable quietness and uneventful safety. Neither robbers nor tempests befriended them, nor one lucky overturn to introduce them to the hero. Nothing more alarming occurred than a fear, on Mrs. Allen's side, of having once left her clogs9 behind her at an inn, and that fortunately proved to be groundless.
They arrived at Bath. Catherine was all eager delight—her eyes were here, there, everywhere, as they approached its fine and striking environs, and afterwards drove through those streets which conducted them to the hotel. She was come to be happy, and she felt happy already.
They were soon settled in comfortable lodgings10 in Pulteney Street.
It is now expedient11 to give some description of Mrs. Allen, that the reader may be able to judge in what manner her actions will hereafter tend to promote the general distress12 of the work, and how she will, probably, contribute to reduce poor Catherine to all the desperate wretchedness of which a last volume is capable—whether by her imprudence, vulgarity, or jealousy—whether by intercepting13 her letters, ruining her character, or turning her out of doors.
Mrs. Allen was one of that numerous class of females, whose society can raise no other emotion than surprise at there being any men in the world who could like them well enough to marry them. She had neither beauty, genius, accomplishment14, nor manner. The air of a gentlewoman, a great deal of quiet, inactive good temper, and a trifling15 turn of mind were all that could account for her being the choice of a sensible, intelligent man like Mr. Allen. In one respect she was admirably fitted to introduce a young lady into public, being as fond of going everywhere and seeing everything herself as any young lady could be. Dress was her passion. She had a most harmless delight in being fine; and our heroine's entree16 into life could not take place till after three or four days had been spent in learning what was mostly worn, and her chaperone was provided with a dress of the newest fashion. Catherine too made some purchases herself, and when all these matters were arranged, the important evening came which was to usher17 her into the Upper Rooms. Her hair was cut and dressed by the best hand, her clothes put on with care, and both Mrs. Allen and her maid declared she looked quite as she should do. With such encouragement, Catherine hoped at least to pass uncensured through the crowd. As for admiration18, it was always very welcome when it came, but she did not depend on it.
Mrs. Allen was so long in dressing19 that they did not enter the ballroom20 till late. The season was full, the room crowded, and the two ladies squeezed in as well as they could. As for Mr. Allen, he repaired directly to the card-room, and left them to enjoy a mob by themselves. With more care for the safety of her new gown than for the comfort of her protegee, Mrs. Allen made her way through the throng21 of men by the door, as swiftly as the necessary caution would allow; Catherine, however, kept close at her side, and linked her arm too firmly within her friend's to be torn asunder22 by any common effort of a struggling assembly. But to her utter amazement23 she found that to proceed along the room was by no means the way to disengage themselves from the crowd; it seemed rather to increase as they went on, whereas she had imagined that when once fairly within the door, they should easily find seats and be able to watch the dances with perfect convenience. But this was far from being the case, and though by unwearied diligence they gained even the top of the room, their situation was just the same; they saw nothing of the dancers but the high feathers of some of the ladies. Still they moved on—something better was yet in view; and by a continued exertion24 of strength and ingenuity25 they found themselves at last in the passage behind the highest bench. Here there was something less of crowd than below; and hence Miss Morland had a comprehensive view of all the company beneath her, and of all the dangers of her late passage through them. It was a splendid sight, and she began, for the first time that evening, to feel herself at a ball: she longed to dance, but she had not an acquaintance in the room. Mrs. Allen did all that she could do in such a case by saying very placidly26, every now and then, “I wish you could dance, my dear—I wish you could get a partner.” For some time her young friend felt obliged to her for these wishes; but they were repeated so often, and proved so totally ineffectual, that Catherine grew tired at last, and would thank her no more.
They were not long able, however, to enjoy the repose27 of the eminence28 they had so laboriously29 gained. Everybody was shortly in motion for tea, and they must squeeze out like the rest. Catherine began to feel something of disappointment—she was tired of being continually pressed against by people, the generality of whose faces possessed30 nothing to interest, and with all of whom she was so wholly unacquainted that she could not relieve the irksomeness of imprisonment31 by the exchange of a syllable32 with any of her fellow captives; and when at last arrived in the tea-room, she felt yet more the awkwardness of having no party to join, no acquaintance to claim, no gentleman to assist them. They saw nothing of Mr. Allen; and after looking about them in vain for a more eligible33 situation, were obliged to sit down at the end of a table, at which a large party were already placed, without having anything to do there, or anybody to speak to, except each other.
Mrs. Allen congratulated herself, as soon as they were seated, on having preserved her gown from injury. “It would have been very shocking to have it torn,” said she, “would not it? It is such a delicate muslin. For my part I have not seen anything I like so well in the whole room, I assure you.”
“How uncomfortable it is,” whispered Catherine, “not to have a single acquaintance here!”
“Yes, my dear,” replied Mrs. Allen, with perfect serenity34, “it is very uncomfortable indeed.”
“What shall we do? The gentlemen and ladies at this table look as if they wondered why we came here—we seem forcing ourselves into their party.”
“Aye, so we do. That is very disagreeable. I wish we had a large acquaintance here.”
“I wish we had any—it would be somebody to go to.”
“Very true, my dear; and if we knew anybody we would join them directly. The Skinners were here last year—I wish they were here now.”
“Had not we better go away as it is? Here are no tea-things for us, you see.”
“No more there are, indeed. How very provoking! But I think we had better sit still, for one gets so tumbled in such a crowd! How is my head, my dear? Somebody gave me a push that has hurt it, I am afraid.”
“No, indeed, it looks very nice. But, dear Mrs. Allen, are you sure there is nobody you know in all this multitude of people? I think you must know somebody.”
“I don't, upon my word—I wish I did. I wish I had a large acquaintance here with all my heart, and then I should get you a partner. I should be so glad to have you dance. There goes a strange-looking woman! What an odd gown she has got on! How old-fashioned it is! Look at the back.”
After some time they received an offer of tea from one of their neighbours; it was thankfully accepted, and this introduced a light conversation with the gentleman who offered it, which was the only time that anybody spoke35 to them during the evening, till they were discovered and joined by Mr. Allen when the dance was over.
“Well, Miss Morland,” said he, directly, “I hope you have had an agreeable ball.”
“Very agreeable indeed,” she replied, vainly endeavouring to hide a great yawn.
“I wish she had been able to dance,” said his wife; “I wish we could have got a partner for her. I have been saying how glad I should be if the Skinners were here this winter instead of last; or if the Parrys had come, as they talked of once, she might have danced with George Parry. I am so sorry she has not had a partner!”
“We shall do better another evening I hope,” was Mr. Allen's consolation36.
The company began to disperse37 when the dancing was over—enough to leave space for the remainder to walk about in some comfort; and now was the time for a heroine, who had not yet played a very distinguished38 part in the events of the evening, to be noticed and admired. Every five minutes, by removing some of the crowd, gave greater openings for her charms. She was now seen by many young men who had not been near her before. Not one, however, started with rapturous wonder on beholding39 her, no whisper of eager inquiry40 ran round the room, nor was she once called a divinity by anybody. Yet Catherine was in very good looks, and had the company only seen her three years before, they would now have thought her exceedingly handsome.
She was looked at, however, and with some admiration; for, in her own hearing, two gentlemen pronounced her to be a pretty girl. Such words had their due effect; she immediately thought the evening pleasanter than she had found it before—her humble41 vanity was contented—she felt more obliged to the two young men for this simple praise than a true-quality heroine would have been for fifteen sonnets42 in celebration of her charms, and went to her chair in good humour with everybody, and perfectly43 satisfied with her share of public attention.


1 disposition GljzO     
  • He has made a good disposition of his property.他已對財產作了妥善處理。
  • He has a cheerful disposition.他性情開朗。
2 conceit raVyy     
  • As conceit makes one lag behind,so modesty helps one make progress.驕傲使人落后,謙虛使人進步。
  • She seems to be eaten up with her own conceit.她仿佛已經被驕傲沖昏了頭腦。
3 maternal 57Azi     
  • He is my maternal uncle.他是我舅舅。
  • The sight of the hopeless little boy aroused her maternal instincts.那個絕望的小男孩的模樣喚起了她的母性。
4 presentiments 94142b6676e2096d7e26ee0241976c93     
n.(對不祥事物的)預感( presentiment的名詞復數 )
  • His presentiments of what the future holds for all are plainly not cheering. 則是應和了很多美國人的種種擔心,他對各方未來的預感顯然是不令人振奮的。 來自互聯網
5 mischievousness TnYzze     
  • He had a wicked glint in his eye, ie suggesting mischievousness. 他的眼里閃現著調皮的神情。 來自辭典例句
  • He chuckleed at the child's mischievousness. 他對這個小孩的調皮搗蛋低聲輕笑。 來自辭典例句
6 remarkable 8Vbx6     
  • She has made remarkable headway in her writing skills.她在寫作技巧方面有了長足進步。
  • These cars are remarkable for the quietness of their engines.這些汽車因發動機沒有噪音而不同凡響。
7 unlimited MKbzB     
  • They flew over the unlimited reaches of the Arctic.他們飛過了茫茫無邊的北極上空。
  • There is no safety in unlimited technological hubris.在技術方面自以為是會很危險。
8 auspices do0yG     
  • The association is under the auspices of Word Bank.這個組織是在世界銀行的贊助下辦的。
  • The examination was held under the auspices of the government.這次考試是由政府主辦的。
9 clogs 3cdbdaf38822ad20011f2482625f97fb     
木屐; 木底鞋,木屐( clog的名詞復數 )
  • Clogs are part of the Netherlands national costume. 木屐是荷蘭民族服裝的一部分。
  • Clogs are part of the Dutch traditional costume. 木屐是荷蘭傳統裝束的一部分。
10 lodgings f12f6c99e9a4f01e5e08b1197f095e6e     
n. 出租的房舍, 寄宿舍
  • When he reached his lodgings the sun had set. 他到達公寓房間時,太陽已下山了。
  • I'm on the hunt for lodgings. 我正在尋找住所。
11 expedient 1hYzh     
  • The government found it expedient to relax censorship a little.政府發現略微放寬審查是可取的。
  • Every kind of expedient was devised by our friends.我們的朋友想出了各種各樣的應急辦法。
12 distress 3llzX     
  • Nothing could alleviate his distress.什么都不能減輕他的痛苦。
  • Please don't distress yourself.請你不要憂愁了。
13 intercepting 610ea325c8da487d3cb8c3e52877af6a     
  • The police had been intercepting my mail, ie reading it before it was delivered. 警方一直截查我的郵件。
  • We've been intercepting radio transmissions from Moscow. 我們已從莫斯科攔截到無線電信號。
14 accomplishment 2Jkyo     
  • The series of paintings is quite an accomplishment.這一系列的繪畫真是了不起的成就。
  • Money will be crucial to the accomplishment of our objectives.要實現我們的目標,錢是至關重要的。
15 trifling SJwzX     
  • They quarreled over a trifling matter.他們為這種微不足道的事情爭吵。
  • So far Europe has no doubt, gained a real conveniency,though surely a very trifling one.直到現在為止,歐洲無疑地已經獲得了實在的便利,不過那確是一種微不足道的便利。
16 entree r8TyW     
  • She made a graceful entree into the ballroom.她進入舞廳時顯示非常優雅。
  • Her wealth and reputation gave her entree into upper-class circles.她的財富和聲望使她得以進入上層社會。
17 usher sK2zJ     
  • The usher seated us in the front row.引座員讓我們在前排就座。
  • They were quickly ushered away.他們被迅速領開。
18 admiration afpyA     
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他對風景之美贊不絕口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我們對金牌獲得者極為敬佩。
19 dressing 1uOzJG     
  • Don't spend such a lot of time in dressing yourself.別花那么多時間來打扮自己。
  • The children enjoy dressing up in mother's old clothes.孩子們喜歡穿上媽媽舊時的衣服玩。
20 ballroom SPTyA     
  • The boss of the ballroom excused them the fee.舞廳老板給他們免費。
  • I go ballroom dancing twice a week.我一個星期跳兩次交際舞。
21 throng sGTy4     
  • A patient throng was waiting in silence.一大群耐心的人在靜靜地等著。
  • The crowds thronged into the mall.人群涌進大廳。
22 asunder GVkzU     
  • The curtains had been drawn asunder.窗簾被拉向兩邊。
  • Your conscience,conviction,integrity,and loyalties were torn asunder.你的良心、信念、正直和忠誠都被扯得粉碎了。
23 amazement 7zlzBK     
  • All those around him looked at him with amazement.周圍的人都對他投射出驚異的眼光。
  • He looked at me in blank amazement.他帶著迷茫驚詫的神情望著我。
24 exertion F7Fyi     
  • We were sweating profusely from the exertion of moving the furniture.我們搬動家具大費氣力,累得大汗淋漓。
  • She was hot and breathless from the exertion of cycling uphill.由于用力騎車爬坡,她渾身發熱。
25 ingenuity 77TxM     
  • The boy showed ingenuity in making toys.那個小男孩做玩具很有創造力。
  • I admire your ingenuity and perseverance.我欽佩你的別出心裁和毅力。
26 placidly c0c28951cb36e0d70b9b64b1d177906e     
  • Hurstwood stood placidly by, while the car rolled back into the yard. 當車子開回場地時,赫斯渥沉著地站在一邊。 來自英漢文學 - 嘉莉妹妹
  • The water chestnut floated placidly there, where it would grow. 那棵菱角就又安安穩穩浮在水面上生長去了。 來自漢英文學 - 中國現代小說
27 repose KVGxQ     
  • Don't disturb her repose.不要打擾她休息。
  • Her mouth seemed always to be smiling,even in repose.她的嘴角似乎總是掛著微笑,即使在睡眠時也是這樣。
28 eminence VpLxo     
  • He is a statesman of great eminence.他是個聲名顯赫的政治家。
  • Many of the pilots were to achieve eminence in the aeronautical world.這些飛行員中很多人將會在航空界聲名顯赫。
29 laboriously xpjz8l     
  • She is tracing laboriously now. 她正在費力地寫。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • She is laboriously copying out an old manuscript. 她正在費勁地抄出一份舊的手稿。 來自辭典例句
30 possessed xuyyQ     
  • He flew out of the room like a man possessed.他像著了魔似地猛然沖出房門。
  • He behaved like someone possessed.他行為舉止像是魔怔了。
31 imprisonment I9Uxk     
  • His sentence was commuted from death to life imprisonment.他的判決由死刑減為無期徒刑。
  • He was sentenced to one year's imprisonment for committing bigamy.他因為犯重婚罪被判入獄一年。
32 syllable QHezJ     
  • You put too much emphasis on the last syllable.你把最后一個音節讀得太重。
  • The stress on the last syllable is light.最后一個音節是輕音節。
33 eligible Cq6xL     
  • He is an eligible young man.他是一個合格的年輕人。
  • Helen married an eligible bachelor.海倫嫁給了一個中意的單身漢。
34 serenity fEzzz     
  • Her face,though sad,still evoked a feeling of serenity.她的臉色雖然悲傷,但仍使人感覺安詳。
  • She escaped to the comparative serenity of the kitchen.她逃到相對安靜的廚房里。
35 spoke XryyC     
n.(車輪的)輻條;輪輻;破壞某人的計劃;阻撓某人的行動 v.講,談(speak的過去式);說;演說;從某種觀點來說
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他們的輪輻螺帽是從我們公司獲得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.輻條是輪子上連接外圈與中心的條棒。
36 consolation WpbzC     
  • The children were a great consolation to me at that time.那時孩子們成了我的莫大安慰。
  • This news was of little consolation to us.這個消息對我們來說沒有什么安慰。
37 disperse ulxzL     
  • The cattle were swinging their tails to disperse the flies.那些牛甩動著尾巴驅趕蒼蠅。
  • The children disperse for the holidays.孩子們放假了。
38 distinguished wu9z3v     
  • Elephants are distinguished from other animals by their long noses.大象以其長長的鼻子顯示出與其他動物的不同。
  • A banquet was given in honor of the distinguished guests.宴會是為了向貴賓們致敬而舉行的。
39 beholding 05d0ea730b39c90ee12d6e6b8c193935     
v.看,注視( behold的現在分詞 );瞧;看呀;(敘述中用于引出某人意外的出現)哎喲
  • Beholding, besides love, the end of love,/Hearing oblivion beyond memory! 我看見了愛,還看到了愛的結局,/聽到了記憶外層的哪一片寂寥! 來自英漢 - 翻譯樣例 - 文學
  • Hence people who began by beholding him ended by perusing him. 所以人們從隨便看一看他開始的,都要以仔細捉摸他而終結。 來自辭典例句
40 inquiry nbgzF     
  • Many parents have been pressing for an inquiry into the problem.許多家長迫切要求調查這個問題。
  • The field of inquiry has narrowed down to five persons.調查的范圍已經縮小到只剩5個人了。
41 humble ddjzU     
  • In my humble opinion,he will win the election.依我拙見,他將在選舉中獲勝。
  • Defeat and failure make people humble.挫折與失敗會使人謙卑。
42 sonnets a9ed1ef262e5145f7cf43578fe144e00     
n.十四行詩( sonnet的名詞復數 )
  • Keats' reputation as a great poet rests largely upon the odes and the later sonnets. 作為一個偉大的詩人,濟慈的聲譽大部分建立在他寫的長詩和后期的十四行詩上。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • He referred to the manuscript circulation of the sonnets. 他談到了十四行詩手稿的流行情況。 來自辭典例句
43 perfectly 8Mzxb     
  • The witnesses were each perfectly certain of what they said.證人們個個對自己所說的話十分肯定。
  • Everything that we're doing is all perfectly above board.我們做的每件事情都是光明正大的。
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