英語口語學習:動名詞 Gerund
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2020-03-11 09:02 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
A gerund is type of noun1 that is created by adding ‘-ing’ to a verb, for example:
 
Verb: Eat
Gerund (Noun): Eating
 
In some cases, we need to add an extra consonant2 before the -ing. This typically happens when the last consonant in the verb follows a single, short vowel3:
 
Verb: Swim 
Gerund (Noun): Swimming (Swim + m + ing)
 
Verb: Run 
Gerund (Noun): Running (Run + n + ing)
 
The gerund can be used as the subject, complement4, or object of a sentence. Let’s take a look at what that means using the examples below: 
 
Running 
Running is good for your health. (Subject) 
His favourite hobby is running. (Complement) 
I love running! (Object)
 
Reading 
Reading is the best way to learn new words. 
Her least favourite subject is reading. 
Jane really enjoys reading.
 
Top Tip: Gerunds are usually used when an action is real, permanent, or completed (e.g. I love running! – means that I love running and probably will continue to love that activity for a long time)
 
Now it's your turn! Choose the gerund in each of the following examples. 
現在該你了。下面句子中的動名詞是哪個呢?
 
One of life’s most important skills is knowing yourself.
knowing
skills
yourself
 
Speaking another language is helpful for jobs.
language
Speaking
helpful
 
I always brush my teeth after eating.
brush
eating
after
 
Some of my friends go to school without sleeping the night before.
without
go
sleeping
 


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 noun JHux3     
n.名詞
參考例句:
  • What kind of noun is this?這是哪類名詞?
  • This word is a collective noun.這個詞是個集體名詞。
2 consonant mYEyY     
n.輔音;adj.[音]符合的
參考例句:
  • The quality of this suit isn't quite consonant with its price.這套衣服的質量和價錢不相稱。
  • These are common consonant clusters at the beginning of words.這些單詞的開頭有相同輔音組合。
3 vowel eHTyS     
n.元音;元音字母
參考例句:
  • A long vowel is a long sound as in the word"shoe ".長元音即如“shoe” 一詞中的長音。
  • The vowel in words like 'my' and 'thigh' is not very difficult.單詞my和thigh中的元音并不難發。
4 complement ZbTyZ     
n.補足物,船上的定員;補語;vt.補充,補足
參考例句:
  • The two suggestions complement each other.這兩條建議相互補充。
  • They oppose each other also complement each other.它們相輔相成。
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